Wednesday, August 8, 2012

Mosin Nagant M 91/30 Bayonet & Bayonet Adjustment and Fitting

Here is the next installment in our Mosin Nagant series .......  The Mosin Nagant M 91/30 Bayonet, and what to do when your bayonet does not fit on your rifle! (This is exactly the position that I found myself in when I went to set up my new Moisn Nagant Model 91/30)


The Mosin Nagant M 91/30 rifle is equipped with, and issued with, an 18 inch spike bayonet..... a very impressive, intimidating and formidable, ornament for your rifle.....  But what do you do when the bayonet won't fit on the muzzle of your new rifle?  You make the PROPER adjustment, of course!

Since many of these rifles were refurbished and then stored away in the old Soviet Union fifty or more years ago, they more than likely became separated from the original bayonet.  When the replacement bayonet is mated up with the rifle, they often do not fit together at all, or fit so tightly that the bayonet can barely be installed or removed without great force or need the use of a hammer.  What we want is that perfect and smooth fit like the original armorers intended.  A quick search of the internet and YouTube will reveal many "instructions" on the "Bubba Repair Method".......... you know the type of repair:  "Take a file, grinder, Dremel Tool, hammer, etc. and totally screw up the bayonet socket as you grind and file away metal until it fits, sort of".  The repair I am going to show you how to do, is fast, easy, and the CORRECT way to adjust a Mosin Nagant bayonet so that it fits, without damaging or marring the bayonet or socket.  Remember that these rifles are not only just fun shooters, but are also a unique pieces of history and deserve to be preserved respectfully.

Before we begin, let's take a quick look at the Mosin Nagant Model 91/30 spike bayonet and how it is attached.  The barrel of the Mosin Nagant rifle is tapered, with a square based, front sight.  The socket of the bayonet is also tapered, hopefully with the same sized taper as the barrel.  The socket on the bayonet slides over the barrel.  The square sight base serves as the locking lug  to hold the bayonet on.  When sized and adjusted correctly, the bayonet, barrel and lug all slide together with great ease, and when locked, make a tight and solid unit.

Here is what to do when they don't:

What we are going to do in this repair-adjustment, is to gently tap a tapered bar into the socket, to ever-so-slightly, expand the socket until it fits the barrel. Remember, the socket is tapered.... larger in the rear and smaller at the spike end! 

You will need a large metal splicing fid, a tapered rod, or the end of an old Mosin Nagant rifle barrel with the sight ground off..........  since most of us don't have an old barrel laying around, let's grab a metal Taper.  You will also need a hammer with a brass face, or a hammer and a brass punch.  You will also need a vise to clamp your bayonet in.  The vise jaws need to be wood so you do not damage the bayonet when clamping and hammering.


 Firmly clamp the bayonet in the jaws of the vise, with the open groove to the top.


Insert the metal taper into the socket and TAP it in until it is tight.  Then tap out the taper and try the bayonet for proper fit on the rifle barrel.  If you need to tap the bayonet or taper to get the two separated, use the brass faced hammer or brass punch so you don't damage the bayonet!  Keep tapping and fitting until the bayonet slides on to the rifle barrel easily.


You may need to expand the top (spike end) of the socket a bit by itself.  In this case, tap the taper in at an angle from the top of the slot.  Be careful, go slowly, and be gentle.  Small taps, remove, then check the fit!


If you need to tighten up the socket because you expanded it too much, then you can squeeze the socket in the wood faced vise, just a bit to close it, or tap it with the brass faced hammer.  The adjustments you should be making are MICRO!  Work slowly and tap softly.  It is better to take your time and get that perfect fit rather than forcing things too far in either direction.

Congratulations!  You just made a PROFESSIONAL and CORRECT adjustment to your bayonet!

Now let's take a look at the details of a Mosin Nagant M 91/30 bayonet.  Here are some photos of mine:





4 comments:

Caleb Dobbs said...

Where would I find a splicing fid like the one you have there?

Sharky said...

I was lucky enough to find my large steel splicing fid at a local yard sale many years ago. You can make one with a large bolt and belt sander or grinder if you are so inclined. I have made a number of smaller ones out of old bronze bolts. They turn out beautifully!

Gene Schmitt said...

How did the soldiers carry the 91/30 bayonet? Does the bayonet mount on the rifle or was their a scabord?

Sharky said...

Good question! "how was the bayonet carried". The bayonets were issued attached to the rifle and were meant to remain attached in the field. The Mosin will actually shoot differently with or without the bayonet attached. If the rifle was originally sighted in with the bayonet attached, then the sights will only be spot-on accurate when shot with the bayonet attached. In WW2, these rifles were issued to Soviet troops with the bayonet attached and they were meant to remain that way. When they were refurbished after the war and placed into long-term storage, the bayonets and rifles were separated into piles. That's why when one of these rifles is bought as a surplus firearm, the bayonets seldom fit correctly. I believe that the Mosin Nagants that were issued in Finland had Finnish made bayonet scabbards and they carried them detached. Hope that helps!