Friday, July 15, 2011
WW1 U.S. Engineer Corps. Marching Compass, Cruchons & Emons, Berne, Switzerland
Today's posting is a beautiful little compass that I picked up at a yard sale several years ago.
The compass is a U.S. Engineer Corps. marching compass that dates to WW1. It is of exceptionally high quality and is quite heavy for its size. The compass was manufactured for the U.S.Government by the firm of Cruchons & Emons, of Berne, Switzerland.
The compass body is machined from a solid block of brass with a jeweled card pivot. The face of the card, and interior of the lid, are painted with original radium paint. This type of compass is the first reliable compass that the U.S. Government put into service. Previous types of compasses, made in the USA, were quite unreliable.
The lid features a very unique piece that is attached to the lid edge, that moves the locking knob to secure the compass card each time the lid is closed. The lid also features a brass mirror that is meant to be highly polished so that the bearing on the card can be read while sighting through the V-notch.
Here is the photo spread on this wonderful gem of a compass:
Here are some WW1 vintage photographs of various U.S. Engineer Corps. soldiers in Europe during The Great War.